Print journal article citations are more complex than print book citations. Generally however, the place of publication and the publisher's name is omitted in a journal citation. Journal titles are normally abbreviated; book titles are never abbreviated. All print journal article citations usually include:
Only the first word of the article title is capitalized
Include "The" or "A/n" if it is the first word of the article title
Punctuation is extremely important. The journal citation is a form of scholarly shorthand that allows academics to communicate internationally using a common language.
Cite the version you used. Do not cite the print version if you have used the electronic (Internet) one.
Do not include a header, such as "news", "case report", or "clinical study", as part of the article title, unless the table of contents for the journal issue indicates that it is.
The source for journal title, volume, issue, and date information is, in order of preference: (1) the title page of the issue, (2) the issue cover, and (3) the masthead. Running headers or footers may not carry the official title of a journal and date and issue information may be missing from these locations.
Journal titles are always written in italics.
The Wits Faculty of Health Sciences Style Guide places the date immediately after the name/s of the author/s in a journal article, (Check with the Department or Supervisor on their preference) eg.
Petitti, D.B., Crooks, V.C., Buckwalter J.G., et al. 2005. Blood pressure levels before dementia. Arch Neurol., 62(1):112-6.
Remember to cite all authors in the Reference List, or to cite only the first three authors, et al. Remember also to cite the version you used (ie. this is the print version, not the e-version).
Traditionally the rules for formatting references to journal articles permit greater abbreviation compared to books:
Journal references omit information on place of publication and publisher, whereas book references carry these details.
The words "volume" and "number" (or their abbreviations) are usually omitted when citing journal articles, but are included when citing books.
Journal titles are abbreviated; book titles are not.
See this site for offical journal abbreviations.
A journal article is cited under the name/s of the author/s in the text. If there are more than two authors in the text, list the first two authors, followed by et al in italics in the text.
In the Reference List, all authors may be cited or you may choose to cite only the first three authors, eg.
Jun, B.C., Song, S.W., Park, C.S., Lee, D.H., Cho, K.J. & Cho, J.H. 2005. The analysis of maxillary sinus aeration according to aging process: volume assessment by 3-dimensional reconstruction by high-resolutional CT scanning. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.,132(3):429-34.
Jun, B.C., Song, S.W., Park, C.S., et al. 2005. The analysis of maxillary sinus aeration according to aging process: volume assessment by 3-dimensional reconstruction by high-resolutional CT scanning. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.,132(3):429-34.
Both styles of citation are correct in the Reference List: first three authors or all authors. Whichever style you choose, remember to be consistent throughout.
You may also choose to cite the full first name of the author, or only the author's initials. Again both are correct, but remember to be consistent. Remeber also the Rule of Thumb regarding Brevity.
Remember to use a maximum of the first two intials for authors' first names, eg. Gyte, G.M. not Gyte, G.M.L.
In the List of References, journal page numbers follow a colon (:) and are not indicated by p. or pp. eg:
Meneton, P., Jeunemaitre, X., de Wardener, H.E., et al. Links between dietary salt intake, renal salt handling, blood pressure, and cardiovascular diseases. Physiol Rev., 2005 85(2):679-715.