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WHSL Vancouver Citation Style Guide for Theses, Dissertations and Research Reports: Web Site Citations

Replaces the section on citations (references) in the official Faculty of Health Sciences Style Guide for Theses, Dissertations and Research Reports

Web Site Citation Conventions

When citing a web site, the same principles apply as for books or journals.

  • If there is no apparent author, the web site title is listed. The webmaster is never shown in the citation.
  • The date on which the last update to the site was made is important, as the content may change in the version you are citing. This information should be cited, if it is available.
  • Because web sites change, it is usual to show where the site is available; as well as the URL (Uniform Address Locator) or the address at which the site is located.
  • Because the content also changes, you must indicate the date on which you accessed the site. This is normally shown in square brackets [...]. The way in which the date is cited must stay constant (use one style of date and stay with it, eg. 10.04.2012 or 10 April 2012).
  • Web sites do not have DOIs - DOIs apply only to e-journal articles.

Web Citations Vancouver Style in Text

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and the World Health Organization estimates that more than 350 cases occur per 100 000 people in Sub-Saharan Africa¹. In South Africa, the incidence of TB is seventh highest in the world². Once diagnosed, the most important way to cure TB is to ensure that the entire course of prescribed medication is completed³. 

Web Citations Vancouver Style Reference List


  1. World Health Organization. November 2010. Tuberculosis Fact Sheet no. 104. Available: [Accessed 14.02.2012]
  2. South Africa. Dept. of Health. Tuberculosis Strategic Plan for South Africa, 2007-2011:5. Available: [Accessed 14.02.2012]
  3. Mayo Clinic. 26 January 2011. Tuberculosis prevention. Available: [Accessed 14.02.2012]