For students its important to remember that data citation needs to be very clear on the multiple authors.Datasets generally come from projects.So they have individual authors,corporate authors editors,data mangers,curators.Put them all in Data sets also have versions and they have subsets point clearly to which part of the data you used.
Data requires citations for the same reasons journal articles and other types of publications require citations:to acknowledge the original author/producer and to help other researchers find the resource.Citation are also to software that you use in data management of all kinds.
For supervisors assessing data citation look to the following principals
"Data citation:Refers to the practice of providing a reference to data in the same way as researchers routinely provide a bibliographic reference to outputs such as journal articles, reports and conference papers.Citing data is now recognized as one of the key practices leading to recognition of data as a primary research output.
Data citation steps
Citing a Data Set
It is important to cite data sets because data is the intellectual and moral property of the creators of the data.If you use data and do not cite it is plagiarism.In some case depending on what you have represented about the data it is academic fraud so CITE.The basic rule is to cite the data based the provider's standard.They are providing the data;they have the right to specify how it should be cited.Basically ask the data provider,often it will be on their website or documentation.If not ask them directly. You can also look at the style guide such as APA but if you need to cite a data-set for a publication,ask the editor.Finally,if you are still unsure,send an email to your helpful data librarian:firstname.lastname@example.org.
However,if you can't get the citation format from either the editor or the provider,remember that the rules for citing data are a bit looser than other sort of citations.So don't panic,there are no definitive standards,yet.Remember that in a citation more information is better than less.Include as much information as you have about where the data was collected,by whom,with what funding,who organized and analyzed the data-set and finally where and when you got it.If you used a part of a larger data-set its important to include that,and especially mention if you used a transformed part such as variables created by another researcher.
How to Cite Data
Proper citation ensures that research data can be: discovered;reused; replicated for verification;credited for recognition;and tracked to measure usage and impact.
Citing data is straightforward.Each citation must include the basic elements that allow a unique dataset to be identified over time:
Data requires citations for the same reasons journal articles and other types of publications require citations: To acknowledge the original author/producer and to help other researchers find the resource. The citation is also to software that you use in data analysis.
•DataCite: Creator (Publication Year): Title.Publisher.Identifier
•Dryad: Author (Date of Article Publication) Data from Article name.Dryad Digital Repository.Doi: DOI number
For Example in APA 6th style
Data Sets:Simmons Market Research Bureau. (2000).Simmons national consumer survey [Data file].
New York, NY: Author.
Author/Principal Investigator/Data Creator
•Release Date/Year of Publication – the year of release, for a completed dataset
•Title of Data Source – formal title of the dataset
•Version/Edition Number – the version of the dataset used in the study
•The format of the Data – the physical format of the data
•3rd Party Data Producer – refers to data accessed from a 3rd party repository
•Archive and/or Distributor – the location that holds the dataset
•Locator or Identifier – includes Digital Object Identifiers (DOI), Handles, Archival Resource Key (ARK), etc.
•Access Date and Time – when data is accessed online
•A subset of Data Used – description based on the organization of the larger dataset
•Editor or Contributor – a reference to a person who compiled data, or performed value-added functions
•Publication Place – city and state and country of the distributor of the data
•Data within a Larger Work – refers to the use of data in a compilation or a data supplement (such as published in a peer-reviewed paper)